Key Changes in APA 7th Edition

The American Psychological Association recently released an update to the widely used APA writing, formatting and citation style, the APA Seventh Edition. Improving on the 6th edition, the APA 7 changes leverage academic best practices to introduce various changes.

APA 7 Changes: General Setup

APA 7 has different title page requirements for student papers. This title page does not require a running head and has a different set of information to include. See APA Style: Student Title Page Guide.

Titles of papers are now bolded, with a blank line before the author’s name.There is no font requirement provided that the font is legible and consistent.The heading for the References list is now bolded.There are now guidelines for annotated bibliographies.APA 7 Cover Page

The header of the title no longer has the
“Running head:”. Leave the header empty and only indicate the page number.

The second page (Abstract page) has the
header, which is the title of the document, in uppercase, as it was in the 6th

Student’s title consists of Title of the
work, author’s name, institutional affiliation, course number and name,
instructor name, and assignment due date. All the information is centered.

APA 7: In-Text Citations

APA has simplified in-text
citations regarding multiple authors. If there are one or two authors, list
their names:

(Smith, 2019); (Smith & Jones, 2019)

For three or more authors, list
only the first author’s name and then et al.

(Smith et al., 2019)

APA 7: Formatting Author Names

In the opposite direction, APA now
requires listing up to 20 authors for a source in the references list. This is
a change from 8 in the 6th edition. For works with more than 20 authors, list
the first 19, insert an ellipsis point, and then list the last author’s name.

Smith, J., Jones, B. E., Brown, K. E., Doe, J., Chan, L., Garcia, S. M., White, C-G., Fernández, J., Ahmed, A. J., Zhào, L., Cohen, D., Watanabe, K., Kim, K., Del Rosario, J., Yilmaz, P. K., Nguyễn, T., Wilson, T. H., Wang, W., Kahale, A. … Zhang, Z. Z. (Date). Title. Source.

APA 7 Changes: Books

For books, no longer list the
publication location.

George, M. W. (2008). The elements of library research: What every student needs to know. Princeton University Press.

If a book has a DOI
assigned to it, add it to the end of the reference.

Samanez-Larkin, G. R. (Ed.). (2019). The aging brain: Functional adaptation across adulthood. American Psychological Association.

eBooks should be cited exactly as print books. Do not
include a database.

Keating, D. P. (Ed.). (2010). Nature and nurture in early child development. Cambridge University Press.

Sacred texts should now be included in the references list (the
6th edition only required an in-text citation).

The Bhagavad Gita. (E. Easwaran, Trans.; 2nd ed.). (2007). The Blue Mountain Center of Meditation.

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. (Original work published 1769)

APA 7 Changes: Journal Articles

Always include the issue number. Previously if the issues were paginated continuously you did not need to include it. The formatting of the DOI should now follow the format

Zhao, W., Garcia-Oscos, F., Dinh, D., & Roberts, T. F. (2019). Inception of memories that guide vocal learning in the songbird. Science, 366(6461), 83–89.

If a journal article does not have
a DOI, you may end the citation after the page numbers. There is no longer a
requirement to include the URL of the journal’s homepage. However, if an
article is open access, you may choose to link directly to the article’s full

Kerlis, B. (2013). Sacred spaces in virtual places: Locating religion in the financial market. Journal for the Study of Religion, 26(1), 23–44.

If an article has an article
number, use that in place of the page numbers

Derry, K. (2018). Myth and monstrosity: Teaching indigenous films. Journal of Religion & Film, 22(3), Article 7.

You may use a shortened DOI if

Grasset, L., Glymour, M. M., Elfassy, T., Swift, S. L., Yaffe, K., Singh-Manoux, A., &emp; Al Hazzouri, A. Z. (2019). Relation between 20-year income volatility and brain health in midlife: The CARDIA study. Neurology.

APA 7: Magazine/Newspaper Articles

Include a URL if it will take the
reader to the full text without logging in. The article title is formatted
regularly, and the newspaper or magazine title is italicized.

Gibson, J. (2019, October 9). SF College zoo works to become more inclusive. The Gainesville Sun.

If a magazine or news site does
not have an associated daily/weekly publication, use the guidelines for a
webpage. Examples include CNN and the Huffington Post.

APA 7 Changes: Database Content

If a library database contains its
own, proprietary information that cannot be retrieved elsewhere (like Cochrane,
A to Z the World, and CQ Researcher), include the name of the database and a
permalink in the reference.

Ornes, S. (2019, September 20). Extreme weather. CQ Researcher.

APA 7: Webpages

Omit the words ‘Retrieved from’
before the URL. Include the name of the website unless it is the same as the
author. Italicize the name of the webpage.

Corcodilos, N. (n.d.). Keep your salary under wraps. Ask the Headhunter. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2010, February 1). Facing down PTSD, vet is now soaring high.

You may use a URL shortener like
tinyurl or if you wish.

Santa Fe College. (n.d.). Enrollment by program of study.

APA 7: Class Materials

APA now clarifies that if the
audience for the paper being written can access materials that may be in an LMS
or intranet, these can be included in the references list. Previously, these
were considered non-retrievable sources and were to be cited as personal

Matthews, D. (2019). [Lecture notes on evaluating Internet resources]. Canvas at Santa Fe College.

APA 7 Changes: Annotated Bibliographies

APA now has guidelines for an
annotated bibliography. Annotations will be a new paragraph, indented 0.5″
from the left.

Delmas, P. M. (2017). Using VoiceThread to create community in online learning. TechTrends, 61, 595–602. This study investigated how VoiceThread could impact online student persistence. It used the Community of Inquiry framework as a guidepost for applying the technology, most specifically by leveraging social presence. The study sought to answer the question “does VoiceThread help create community for online learners?” Researchers surveyed 39 participants in master’s and doctoral programs that were either fully online or blended. Based on the data, the researchers concluded that VoiceThread, as perceived by students who have used it, can promote social presence in online learning communities by making students feel more connected to other students and the instructor. Three positive themes for VoiceThread related to student to student interaction included hearing a voice, hearing voice inflection versus text, and learning about peers’ professional/educational experience. While positive trends were highlighted succinctly, there was little discussion of negative trends, which challenged validity, and a small sample size (N=39) makes it difficult to generalize.

Visit Purdue OWL for more information about APA 7th edition.

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